[an error occurred while processing this directive] FactsCanada.ca -- Sunday Newsletter 2001-24Su
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Sunday Newsletter 2001-24Su.

June 17, 2001.

Next week I will reveal how you can be a winner in our first anniversary giveaway contest. I think I have figured out what tricks I will need you to perform to qualify, and then how to divvy up the goodies, so this is your last chance to forward this e-mail to those you think may also enjoy the read. That way they could become a new subscriber and have a chance to win a prize too! It's going to be a big one (well, big by our budget, which happens to be the size of my wallet) with about eight items being given away. Anyway, regardless of whether or not you forward this week's newsletter, you will still be able to enter next week's contest. Yes, even previous winners can enter since we have so much to give away, and also since it's my anniversary and I will do what I want.


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== TABLE OF CONTENTS ==

= Question of the week
= Biography -- Anne Murray: Canada's Songbird
= Notes from the notable -- Name: Guy Lombardo
= Humorous and touching thoughts for the week
= Quotes of the week
= Also born this week
= It happened this week in history
= Nature and its world -- The Gnatcatcher -- A Bird
= Father's day
= Geek report
= Place names -- Grassy Lake, Alberta
= Answer to this week's question
= Preview
= Links and resources
= Legal and subscription information


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== QUESTION OF THE WEEK ==

Who, what or where is or was "Pudlo Pudlat"?

As usual you can find the answer near the bottom of the newsletter.


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== BIOGRAPHY ==

Anne Murray: Canada's Songbird

Born Morna Anne Murray on June 20, 1945, in Springhill, Nova Scotia, she decided at a very young age to go by her middle name. Anne was born into a family of six children; herself and five brothers (David, Daniel, Harold, Stewart and Bruce). Younger brother Bruce later took singing lessons and toured with Anne during the 1980s. Bruce was not the only other singer in the family though, as Anne and her brothers grew up "always singing". Her parents too sang all the time. Music was simply all around little Anne. Her father, James Carson Murray, was the town's doctor, and her mother, Marion, was a registered nurse. Marion gave up this profession to focus her life on the upbringing of the family.

After completing high school Anne spent a year at the Catholic women's college Mount Saint Vincent University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, before heading onto the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton where she studied her other passion, athletics. Some of her university friends talked her into auditioning for the popular CBC television show "Singalong Jubilee" in 1964. Although she was not offered a job at the time (the show already had too many altos in their cast), she did meet her future husband, Bill Langstroth, who was a co-host and producer of the show. Two years later Langstroth contacted her about an opening and she negotiated the fee of $99 per show.

After singing much of that summer, Anne went on to teach physical education at a high school on Prince Edward Island. The next year she returned to "Singalong Jubilee" and also gained a spot on the teen television show "Let's Go". This was the end of her teaching days as the "Singalong" gang released an album on one of Canada's first record labels (Arc Records). After much convincing by Brian Ahern, the musical director of "Singalong Jubilee", Anne followed this up by releasing her first solo album entitled "What About Me" in 1968. In 1970 Anne recorded her first worldwide hit ("Snowbird") and soon after realized she needed a manager. She contacted a friend by the name of Leonard Rambeau in April of 1971 and asked him to move to Toronto and manage her affairs. He accepted and remained her manager until his death in 1995 of cancer.

Anne married Bill Langstroth in 1975 and they had the first of two children (a son named William Stewart) the next year. In 1979 they welcomed their daughter, Dawn Joanne, into the family. After Leonard Rambeau's death Anne signed on with Bruce Allen, Canadian rock singer Bryan Adams' manager. By now Anne had sold more than 40 million recordings and won more Juno Awards than any other performer in Canadian history. In 1997 she released her first live recording, and in 1999 she recorded the inspirational album entitled "What a Wonderful World", on which her daughter, Dawn, sang the duet "Let There Be Love" with her mother. This recording met with phenomenal success. Anne commented; "Although I've been making music and receiving fan mail for more than 30 years, nothing could have prepared me for the letters, e-mails and faxes I received after the release of this album. Some people found themselves emotionally overwhelmed by certain lyrics; other people spoke of tunes that unleashed an unexpected flood of childhood memories. Many, many people wrote to tell me that these songs, and these sentiments, were continuing to help them through troubled times in their own lives. And their letters continue to be an inspiration to me."

There is so much more to Anne's story and her life. She has received hundreds of honours and awards, including becoming a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1985, an induction into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1993, a star on Canada's "Walk of Fame" on King Street in Toronto in its inaugural year in 1998, and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1980.

Anne's hometown of Springhill had closed its mining down in the mid 1980s and, in order to help the local economy, she agreed to open "The Anne Murray Centre" which pays tribute to her on going life of achievement. Anne is still very much involved in athletics, participating mainly in golf, tennis and cross country skiing, while her favourite spectator sports are hockey, and tennis. Of all her successes, accolades and honours, Anne says her greatest achievement is her children.


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== NOTES FROM THE NOTABLE ==

Name: Guy Lombardo.

Birth name: Gaetano Alberto.

Birth place: London, Ontario.

Birth date: June 19, 1904.

Place of death: Houston, Texas, USA.

Date of death: November 5, 1977.

Vocation: Bandleader and violinist.

Claim to fame: Along with his band The Royal Canadians, Lombardo and his brothers Carmen and Lebert were first known for their radio broadcasts, then telecasts on New Year's Eve, coming from New York's Roosevelt Grill. He is especially remembered for his theme song "Auld Lang Syne".

Other major interest: Hydroplane racing.


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== HUMOROUS AND TOUCHING THOUGHTS ==

To honour Father's Day.

Dad's Favourite Sayings:

- Go ask your mother!
- Just wait until I get you home!
- Well when I was your age...
- My father used to tell me...
- That's not a tear, it's just something in my eye!
- NO!
- Get home early!
- I love you, son!
- I love you, princess!
- During the good old days...

This poem I was sent last year I believe is a little more poignant:

"My Hero"

As I ponder the love that I saw in his eyes,
A Godly love, given without compromise...

I recall many times that he stood by my side,
And prodded me on with great vigour and pride.

His voice ever confident, firm and yet fair,
Always speaking with patience, tenderness and care.

The power and might of his hands was so sure,
I knew there was nothing we couldn't endure.

It's true, a few others provided insight,
Yet, he laid the foundation that kept me upright.

He's the grandest of men to have lived on this earth,
Although he's not royal by stature or birth.

He's a man of great dignity, honour and strength.
His merits are noble, and of admirable length.

He's far greater than all other men that I know,
He's my Dad, he's my mentor, my friend and hero.

Attributed to Debbie Hinton Young.


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== QUOTES OF THE WEEK ==

"I often think that perhaps the reason I became a successful singer was that, as a kid, I could never do anything as well as my brothers. I wanted to do something better than they did." --Anne Murray.

"I think it was Grade 11, at her graduation, that she sang 'Ave Maria'. Anne noticed people were crying in the audience. That's when she knew that her voice must be good." --Marion Murray, Anne's mother.

"Your music is that Little Good News we sure could use." --George Bush, former American president.

"Dear Anne, I will never forget you or your kindness to me in the days that were. It was such fun and so important to me. I always think back on them (and you) fondly." --Jerry Seinfeld, who once opened shows for Anne in his stand up comic days, in a letter.

When John Lennon knocked on her dressing-room door at the 1974 Grammy Awards, it was to tell Anne that her hit, "You Won't See Me", was his favourite cover version of a Beatles song.


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== ALSO BORN THIS WEEK ==

Tommy Burns (n Noah Brusso), boxer, born in Hanover, Ontario, June 17, 1881.

Anna Marion Hilliard, physician, gynaecologist and "Pap test pioneer", born in Morrisburg, Ontario, June 17, 1902.

Dufferin Roblin, businessman, Companion of the Order of Canada (1970) and premier of Manitoba (1958-1967), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, June 17, 1917.

Wilfred Gordon Bigelow, surgeon, heart specialist, pioneer in pacemaker development, Member of the Order of Canada (1981), born in Brandon, Manitoba, June 18, 1913.

Kurt Browning, four-time world-championship figure skater, Lionel Conacher Award winner (1990), born in Rocky Mountain House, Alberta, June 18, 1966.

George Howard Ferguson, premier of Ontario (1923-1930), born in Kemptville, Ontario, June 18, 1870.

Stanley Howard Knowles, politician and Officer of the Order of Canada, born in Los Angeles, California, USA, June 18, 1908.

Arthur Julien Tremblay, professor, educational reformer, public servant, senator and Officer of the Order of Canada (1976), born in St-Bruno, Quebec, June 18, 1917.

Francis Hans Johnston (also known as Frank and later Franz), painter and founding member of the Group of Seven Painters, born in Toronto, Ontario, June 19, 1888.

John Ralston Saul, novelist and essayist, born in Ottawa, Ontario, June 19, 1947.

Clarence Dexter Wiseman, general of the Salvation Army, born in Moreton's Harbour, Newfoundland, June 19, 1907.

Murray Llewellyn Barr, anatomist and geneticist, born in Belmont, Ontario, June 20, 1908.

Jean-Jacques Bertrand, premier of Quebec (1968-1970), born in Ste-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec, June 20, 1916.

Jean-Jacques Lartigue, Roman Catholic bishop of Montreal, born in Montreal June 20, 1777.

Frederick Temple Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, and governor general of Canada (1872-1878), born in Florence, Italy, June 21, 1826.

George Hills, Anglican bishop of British Columbia (1859-1895), born in Eythorne, England, June 21, 1816.

Edward Samuel Rogers, inventor, broadcast pioneer, and second in the dynasty that started Rogers Communications Inc., born in Toronto, Ontario, June 21, 1900.

John Bracken, premier of Manitoba (1922-1943) representing two different parties, born in Ellisville, Ontario, June 22, 1883.

George Vancouver, naval officer and explorer, born in King's Lynn, England, June 22, 1757.

Raymonde April, photographer, born in Moncton, New Brunswick, June 23, 1953.

Frederick Wellington "Cyclone" Taylor, hockey's first great star, member of the Hockey Hall of Fame, born in Tara, Ontario, June 23, 1883.


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== IT HAPPENED THIS WEEK IN HISTORY ==

June 17, 1958 -- During construction of Vancouver's present Second Narrows Bridge, one span collapsed into Burrard Inlet taking 18 men to their deaths. It was later concluded that design errors had been made by two engineers who were among the dead. The official name of the bridge is now the Iron Workers Memorial Bridge.

June 18, 1794 -- James Murray, military officer, colonial administrator and first British governor of Quebec, died. Murray commanded a battalion in the siege of Louisbourg (present day Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia) in 1758, and was one of James Wolfe's three brigadiers at Quebec. After the Battle of the Plains of Abraham he remained in command of the city, facing undefeated French forces up the St. Lawrence River. (See also "The Seven Years War" in issue 2000-19Fr.)

June 18, 1870 -- The first Canadian woman's missionary aid society was formed in Canso, Nova Scotia.

June 19, 1816 -- Robert Semple, governor in chief of Rupert's Land (part of what was to be Canada prior to 1867) died in battle during the Red River Colony dispute.

June 19, 1918 -- Flamboyant fighter pilot William Avery "Billy" Bishop won his last victory when he claimed five enemy aircraft. (See his biography in issue 2001-05Su.)

June 19, 1841 -- Sir George Arthur, soldier and commissioner of the Northwest Mounted Police was born. He organized the force and gave it its military character. Later it merged with the Dominion Police to form the Royal Canadian Mountain Police (RCMP).

June 19, 1914 -- The worst coal mine disaster in Canadian history occurred on this date in Hillcrest, Alberta. It is believed that a fall of rock struck a spark, setting off dust explosions that crippled the ventilating fans and burned away half the oxygen in the mine. A total of 189 men died, leaving 130 widows and about 400 children.

June 20, 1960 -- The use of the current British Columbia flag became official by a provincial order in council.

June 20, 1953 -- The highest humidex observed in Canada over the last 60 years occurred at Windsor, Ontario, with a recording of 52.1 degrees Celsius. At the time, the temperature was 35 degrees Celsius and the dew point was 29 degrees Celsius.

June 20, 1996 -- From this date until July 7, 1996, biomedical engineer and Canadian astronaut Robert "Rob" Thirsk was assigned to mission STS-78 on the space shuttle "Columbia" as a payload specialist. (See also "The World Above our Planet" in issue 2001-04Su.)

June 21, each year -- The usual time of the summer solstice, or the first day of summer.

June 21, 1764 -- William Brown, in partnership with Thomas Gilmore, published the first issue of the Quebec Gazette (La Gazette de Quebec). The Gazette was the first periodical in the province of Quebec.

June 21, 1912 -- The "Financial Times of Canada", which was a weekly, tabloid, business newspaper, first published as the "Montreal Financial Times" on this date.

June 22, 1875 -- Sir William Edmond Logan, geologist and first director of the Geological Survey of Canada, died in Castle Malgwyn, Cilgerran, South Wales. Canada's tallest mountain, Mount Logan, is named after him.

June 22, 1774 -- The Quebec Act (a British act for making a more effective provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America) received royal assent on this date. It became effective May 1, 1775. The act enlarged the boundaries of the Province of Quebec to include Labrador, Ile d'Anticosti and Iles de la Madeleine on the east, and the Indian territory south of the Great Lakes between the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers on the west.

June 22, 1980 -- Blessed Kateri (Catherine) Tekakwitha, known as the Lily of the Mohawks, was beatified (declared to have attained the blessedness of heaven and authorization of the title "Blessed"). She was the first North American native candidate for sainthood. Her rejection of several marriage offers and desire for a life of virginity put her at odds with Mohawk life even before she became a Christian. Her baptism in 1676 led to persecution, and a year later she left home for the Christian native village at Caughnawaga (now Kahnawake, Quebec). There she became known for her sanctity and was given permission by the Jesuits in 1679 to make a private vow of chastity. Her death the next year from a prolonged illness was perhaps partly brought on by her penitential lifestyle. Her relics are preserved in a shrine at Kahnawake, and numerous miracles have since been reported there. A portrait of her was painted in 1681 by Jesuit Father Claude Chauchetiere, who also wrote a biography on her.

June 23, 1985 -- The worst air disaster associated with Canada and one of the worst in aviation history was that of Air India flight 182 from Toronto. The plane exploded in the air and crashed into the north Atlantic off the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 on board, including 280 Canadians. Charges have only relatively recently been brought against the alleged bombers.

June 23, 1887 -- The Rocky Mountains Park Act established what is now Banff National Park.

June 23, 1870 -- The Canadian government took possession of the entire Hudson Bay territory, including all of the future province of Alberta. The following year the region between the new province of Manitoba and the Rocky Mountains was organized as the Northwest Territories.


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== NATURE AND ITS WORLD ==

The Gnatcatcher -- A Bird

The blue-grey gnatcatcher (scientific name Polioptila caerulea from the family Muscicapidae and subfamily Sylviinae) is a tiny, migratory, insectivorous songbird. It is the sole representative in Canada of the tropical "New World" tribe, Polioptilini, of which there are eleven species. It is slender bodied, coloured blue-grey above and whitish below, with a long, black tail. Its song is high pitched and squeaky; more commonly heard is a buzzy call note. The blue-grey gnatcatcher is rare in Canada, breeding only in southern Ontario and Quebec in open, broadleaf deciduous woodland with brushy undergrowth. Its nesting occurs late May to mid July. Its clutch (or nest of eggs) is usually four to five in size.


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== FATHER'S DAY ==

On Mother's Day (in issue 2001-19Su) I told you something about the origins of that day. Here's a little insight into the beginnings of Father's Day.

Just like Mother's Day, Father's Day is celebrated in most parts of the world. In the United States, Canada and most countries in Asia, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday in June. Although Father's Day is not observed on the same day in some countries, like Spain and Belgium where Father's Day falls on March 19th, expressing gratitude and appreciation for Dad's hard work with a special day seems to be universal.

How did it start?

As one story goes, Father's Day was first celebrated in Spokane, Washington. The idea came to Sonora Smart Dodd after a Mother's Day sermon in 1909. Sonora wanted a special day to honour her father, Henry (William) Jackson Smart, who was widowed when his wife died in childbirth with their sixth child. Henry Smart raised all his six children by himself. In the eyes of Sonora, Henry Smart was a courageous, selfless, loving single father who had made all the parental sacrifices. Sonora wanted to recognise the hard work of her father on the first Sunday in June, her father's birthday, but the Spokane council couldn't get the resolution through the first reading until the third Sunday in June.

There is another story that Father's Day was founded by Harry C. Meek, president of the Lions Club in Chicago. He supported the adoption of a Father's Day by giving several speeches around the United States. In 1920 the Lions Clubs of America presented him with a gold watch, with the inscription "Originator of Fathers' Day".

In any event, in 1924 American President Calvin Coolidge proclaimed the third Sunday in June as Father's Day.

Some interesting quotes about fathers:

"It is a wise father that knows his own child." --William Shakespeare.

"Fathers, like mothers, are not born. Men grow into fathers -- and fathering is a very important stage in their development." --David M. Gottesman.

"I cannot think of any need in childhood as strong as the need for a father's protection." --Sigmund Freud.

"None of you can ever be proud enough of being the child of such a father who has not his equal in this world-so great, so good, so faultless. Try, all of you, to follow in his footsteps and don't be discouraged, for to be really in everything like him none of you, I am sure, will ever be. Try, therefore, to be like him in some points, and you will have acquired a great deal." --Victoria, Queen of England.


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== GEEK REPORT ==

By Craig

Just when you think you have everything under control again, life grabs you by the scruff of the neck and gives you a good shake. Although only a contributing factor to our tardiness this week, I spent the weekend in Denver, Colorado, USA, at the first annual Netpreneur Conference. This conference came to John's attention through his subscription to another e-mail newsletter called "This is True" (to which I also now subscribe), written by the organizer of the conference, Randy Cassingham. What convinced me to go was the fact that the speakers were people who had actually accomplished many of the goals that John and I have for FactsCanada.ca. I was not disappointed, and came home with several pages full of ideas to implement. This we will do over the coming weeks and months.

After the conference I had a chance to network and socialize with some of the speakers and participants -- geeks every one of us. They were a great bunch, and we were only asked to keep it down in the restaurant once. Among them were: Cathie Walker, "Chief Schmoozing Executive" of The Centre for the Easily Amused and resident of Victoria, BC (when she's not jetting off to New York or Los Angeles); Chris Pirillo, author of the book "Poor Richard's E-mail Publishing" and the Libera Manifesto, as well as webmaster of Lockergnome, an excellent source of technology newsletters for anybody curious about how to get more out of their computer; Tom Geller of... well... more companies and organizations than even I have been known to own or operate, but specifically of Bandwidth PR, SueSpammers.org, and the SpamCon Foundation; Randy Cassingham of the aforementioned "This is True" newsletter (among others); Amy Gahran, consultant, publisher of the on-line newsletters "Contentious" and "Feminews", and co-founder of the Content Exchange; MaryAnn Johanson, "girl movie critic" from The Flick Filosopher; Chris Fuller and Ron Huber of 8wire; and Barbara Feldman of Surfing the Net With Kids. Check out their sites at the links below.

As you can see from these links, we are slowly moving towards some kind of a system that will allow us to do two things: include short, consistent links to external sites in the newsletter at the end of each article; and keep track of all these links in a central database so that, if they change and we become aware of that fact, we only have to correct the link in one place instead of many.

By the way, if you find any spelling or grammatical errors in this newsletter, you can blame the fact that I didn't go to bed last night. I'm sure I'll find them all over the weekend!

Netpreneur Conference
"This is True"
The Centre for the Easily Amused
Lockergnome
Libera Manifesto
Bandwidth PR
SueSpammers.org
SpamCon Foundation
Amy Gahran
The Flick Filosopher
8wire
Surfing the Net With Kids


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== PLACE NAMES ==

Grassy Lake, Alberta

I am glad that in my preview last week I specified Grassy Lake in Alberta. There happen to be 82 locations in Canada with either the name Grassy Lake (75 locations), or Grassy Lakes (7 locations). Of the 75 locations called Grassy Lake, only this one in Alberta is actually a populated community -- the other 74 are all lakes (believe it or not), with 31 in Nova Scotia, 21 in Ontario, ten in New Brunswick, three in Saskatchewan, three in Alberta (not including our featured location which is a community and not a lake), and two in each of British Columbia, Manitoba and New Brunswick. Grassy Lake, Alberta, is an unincorporated village lying approximately halfway between Lethbridge and Medicine Hat just south of Highway Three. It was first named in 1893 by members of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) after a nearby lake, which has long since gone dry. The lake's name was originally known to the Blackfoot Indian tribe as "Moyi-kimi", or grassy waters.


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== ANSWER TO THIS WEEK'S QUESTION ==

This week's convoluted question was: Who, what or where is or was "Pudlo Pudlat"?

Answer: He was one of the most well-know Inuit artists. Pudlat is not his surname -- he was born with the name Pudlo Pudlat and is so mentioned in encyclopedias and various other reference sources. He was born on February 4, 1916, at the now-abandoned Kamadjuak Camp on Baffin Island, Northwest Territories (now in Nunavut). He died on December 28, 1992.

Links to sites with pictures of him and his artwork are located in today's resources, linked to at the bottom of the newsletter.


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== PREVIEW ==

On Sunday (which almost seems like tomorrow now), I will be profiling Stephen Fonyo in our biography feature, and Antigonish, Nova Scotia in our place name feature. In addition I will introduce a new article entitled "Canadian Awards". I will also finally provide the details of our next giveaway, which will culminate with the awarding of a bunch of prizes on Canada Day, Sunday, July 1, which also happens to be the first anniversary of FactsCanada.ca.


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Due to the length of this week's newsletter, I really had to cut back on two of the regular features; "Also Born This Week" and "It Happened This Week in History". Happy (belated) Father's Day, Pops (my dad). You've shown the most amazing ability to stick around with us the past few years than anyone I have ever heard of, except maybe Stephen Hawking. Lots of love... John.


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== LINKS AND RESOURCES ==

FactsCanada.ca -- http://www.factscanada.ca
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