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Sunday Newsletter 2001-11Su.

March 18, 2001.

Welcome all to our 11th issue of 2001. I received a couple of messages from subscribers regarding my answer to last week's question. To save you looking it up, I asked, "What is an Alberta Clipper?" I very briefly answered that it is a storm. Norm, a former resident of Alberta, wrote to me and said; "I think your answer to what an Alberta Clipper is, is incorrect. An Alberta Clipper is a very cold flow of air which flows from the Arctic through Alberta and down into the United States, with the effects sometimes being felt as far away as Texas. Although quite often a part of a storm it is not necessarily always so."

Well, Norm is exactly right in saying "it is not necessarily always so." According to The Weather Channel, an Alberta Clipper is a fast-moving, snow-producing weather system that originates in the lee of the Canadian Rockies, and moves quickly across the northern United States, often bringing gusty winds and cold Arctic air. Stormfax defines it as a storm system that develops "near Alberta" (one wonders exactly where that is!) and moves rapidly east-southeast into the Great Lakes and on into the northeastern USA. (See today's resources at the end of the page for links.)

I owed a better answer to all of you, our readers, and did not come through. For this I apologize. I have, however, learned from this experience and I will endeavour to give as much detail, without getting too technical, in all my future answers to the question of the week.

Thanks Norm, and thank-you to everyone else who takes the time to write, helping us to make this a better publication.


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== TABLE OF CONTENTS ==

= Question of the week
= Biography -- David Takayoshi Suzuki
= Contest announcement
= Born this week
= Geek report
= This week in history
= Place names -- Mississauga and Etobicoke, Ontario
= Did you know?
= This week's list
= Cultural chronicle
= Words of the week
= Answer to this week's question
= Preview
= Links and resources
= Legal and subscription information


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== QUESTION OF THE WEEK ==

I know there are quite a few particle physicists out there among our readers, so this should be an easy question.

The world's largest and most sensitive neutrino observatory and the world's largest man made cavity are located at the Creighton mine site near this Canadian community. To which city do I refer?

As usual, the answer can be found near the bottom.


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== BIOGRAPHY ==

David Takayoshi Suzuki.

This world-renowned geneticist, broadcaster, and environmentalist began his life in Vancouver, British Columbia, on March 24, 1936. Being of Japanese ancestry, he and his family were interned during the second half of World War Two. Starting in 1942, David spent more than three of his most formative years incarcerated. Perhaps though, this was the very reason Suzuki became one of the most compassionate, thought provoking, articulate and cultivated minds of our time.

After the war, the family moved east to Ontario and Suzuki managed to finish his high schooling by the age of 18, graduating from the London Central Collegiate School in 1954. From here he moved onto Amherst College in Massachusetts, USA, where his undergraduate work netted him Bachelor of Arts honours in 1958. This was the same year Suzuki married his first wife Joane Sunahara, who came to Canada from London, England. Then it was onto the University of Chicago where he graduated with a Ph.D. in physics in 1961. His postdoctoral work took him first to Colorado then to Tennessee. In 1962 he accepted an assistant professorship with the department of genetics at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. A year later found him returning home to Vancouver, accepting the same position with the department of zoology at the University of British Columbia (UBC) in Vancouver. In 1965 he became an associate professor, and then a professor between 1969 and 1993.

In 1965 his first marriage ended, despite the fact that the couple had three children. Suzuki had become a workaholic, sometimes spending 15 hours a day dedicated to his work. He would not, however, make this mistake again. In the years after the separation he was awarded an unprecedented four consecutive E.W.R. Steacie Memorial Fellowship grants for Outstanding Research Scientist in Canada under the age of 35. His reign only ended when his age surpassed the qualifications. Since 1993 his role at UBC has been as associate of the Sustainable Development Research Institute.

Compiling and listing the hundreds of other achievements, academic honours, awards and degrees that Dr. Suzuki has amassed is a daunting task -- my print-outs alone take up five pages. Therefore you will find a link in today's resources (at the bottom of the page) to the David Suzuki Foundation Web site, where you can "stroll" through his incredible dossier. I will tell you briefly that he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1976, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1978, awarded the Medal of Honour in 1984, and awarded the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Kalinga Award in 1986.

He really began to be a public figure in 1971 when he appeared in the television series "Suzuki on Science". The next year he remarried, vowing to dedicate as much time to his family as his work. While still continuing his university teaching and genetic work (which garnered him worldwide recognition), Suzuki began a radio series entitled "Quirks and Quarks". With all of this going on, family matters still took precedent. In 1979 the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) began a television series called "The Nature of Things", which still runs today with Suzuki as host. Some of his academic colleagues have criticized his broadcasting roles as "a waste of time, energy and his talent", but Suzuki has ignored these remarks, always convinced that public awareness of science would contribute "to both better science policies and an enriched culture". Suzuki believes that education of the individual and thought does more good for the world as a whole, regardless of scale, than any personal achievement brings.

Suzuki has written 32 books, of which 15 have been dedicated to children and his desire to enlighten the youth of the world as soon as possible in life. Today Suzuki is a world leader in bringing to the forefront of our society's collective mind the sustainable ecology of this planet. He lives in Vancouver, where his foundation is headquartered, with Dr. Tara Cullis, his wife of 29 years, and their two children.


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== CONTEST ANNOUNCEMENT ==

Last week I mentioned a giveaway, and sure enough we are having another. Our latest prize is the four-CD set of essential Canadian music entitled "Oh What a Feeling 2". Like the first collection, released a couple of years back, all the proceeds from the sales of this collection go to worthy Canadian charities. One of you, however, has the chance to win this package outright. All you need to do is correctly answer the question below. Entries must be received by Craig at craig@factscanada.ca by 12:00 noon on Saturday, March 24, 2001, Pacific Time. All correct entries will be fed into our "CRAIG 2001" computer system (commonly called a hat) and from those a winner will be drawn. This makes it a little more fair to all of you who may not see our newsletter until Monday.

OK (drum roll), the question is: This town, with a population of only 4220, is the capital of Nunavut, Canada's newest territory. What is the name of this town? Yes class, spelling does count.


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== BORN THIS WEEK ==

March 18, 1869 -- Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott, pathologist, born in St. Andrews East [St-Andre-Est], Quebec.

March 18, 1905 -- Alfred Goldsworthy Bailey, historian, poet, man of letters, born in Quebec City, Quebec.

March 18, 1837 -- Richard Maurice Bucke, psychiatrist, author, born in Methwold, England.

March 18, 1913 -- William Walker Hamilton Gunn, ornithologist, ecologist, born in Toronto, Ontario.

March 18, 1924 -- James Blair Seaborn, public servant, born in Toronto, Ontario.

March 18, 1874 -- Richard Albert Wilson, educator, author, born near Renfrew, Ontario.

March 19, 1861 -- Sir Jean-Lomer Gouin, lawyer, politician, premier of Quebec, born in Grondines, Canada East.

March 19, 1908 -- Ernest Buckler, novelist, born in Dalhousie West, Nova Scotia.

March 19, 1909 -- John Emilius Fauquier, air force officer, born in Ottawa, Ontario.

March 19, 1948 -- Kristjana Gunnars, writer, editor, translator, born in Reykjavik, Iceland.

March 19, 1923 -- Henry Morgentaler, physician, abortion advocate, born in Lodz, Poland.

March 19, 1836 -- John Clark Murray, philosopher, born in Thread and Tannahill, Scotland.

March 20, 1909 -- John "Jack" Hamilton Bush, painter, born in Toronto, Ontario.

March 20, 1878 -- William Edmund Harper, astronomer, born in Dobbinton, Ontario.

March 20, 1913 -- Richard Norman Jones, scientist, born in Manchester, England.

March 20, 1907 -- John Hugh MacLennan, novelist, essayist, professor, born in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia.

March 20, 1896 -- Wilfrid "Wop" Reid May, airman, born in Carberry, Manitoba.

March 20, 1939 -- Martin Brian Mulroney, lawyer, politician, prime minister of Canada, born in Baie-Comeau, Quebec.

March 20, 1948 -- Robert "Bobby" Gordon Orr, hockey player, born in Parry Sound, Ontario.

March 20, 1871 -- Walking Buffalo, Tatanga Mani, or George McLean, Stoney leader, Indian statesman, philosopher, born in the Bow River Valley near Morley, Alberta.

March 21, 1940 -- Douglas Barbour, poet, professor, critic, publisher, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

March 21, 1904 -- Jehane Benoit, ne Patenaude, food consultant, author, television and radio commentator, born in Montreal, Quebec.

March 21, 1936 -- John Edward Broadbent, political theorist, member of Parliament, born in Oshawa, Ontario.

March 21, 1940 -- Gary Buck, singer, songwriter, administrator, record producer, born in Thessalon, Ontario.

March 21, 1820 -- Moses Harvey, clergyman, essayist, naturalist, born in Armagh, Ireland.

March 21, 1912 -- Joseph-Edmond-Andre Laurendeau, journalist, politician, playwright, co-chairman of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, born in Montreal, Quebec.

March 22, 1852 -- Theodore Davie, lawyer, judge, politician, premier of British Columbia 1892-1895, born in Brixton, England.

March 22, 1880 -- Allison Dysart, lawyer, politician, judge, premier of New Brunswick, born in Cocagne, New Brunswick.

March 22, 1860 -- Thomas Dixon Byron Evans, soldier, born in Hamilton, Ontario.

March 22, 1880 -- James Henry Gundy, investment dealer, born in Harriston, Ontario.

March 22, 1873 -- Ernest Lawson, painter, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

March 22, 1844 -- George Leslie Mackay, Presbyterian missionary, born in Zorra, Oxford County, Canada West.

March 22, 1899 -- Leo Edmond Marion, organic chemist, administrator, educator, born in Ottawa, Ontario.

March 22, 1906 -- Arthur Gilbert McCalla, cereal chemist, born in St. Catharines, Ontario.

March 22, 1909 -- Gabrielle Roy writer, born in St-Boniface, Manitoba.

March 22, 1931 -- William Shatner, actor, born in Montreal, Quebec.

March 22, 1884 -- Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie, nurse, born in Port Arthur, Ontario.

March 22, 1972 -- Elvis Stojko, figure skater, born in Newmarket, Ontario.

March 22, 1879 -- Ernest Edward Winch, trade unionist, politician, born in Harlow, England.

March 23, 1933 -- Thomas Rodney Berger, lawyer, judge, humanitarian, born in Victoria, British Columbia.

March 23, 1853 -- Sir Donald Mann, railway builder, born in Acton, Canada West.

March 23, 1910 -- Harry Lambert Welsh, physicist, educator, born in Aurora, Ontario.

March 24, 1917 -- John Archibald Armstrong, business executive, geologist, born in Dauphin, Manitoba.

March 24, 1936 -- John Robert Colombo, editor, anthologist, poet, born in Kitchener, Ontario.

March 24, 1962 -- Angele Dubeau, violinist, born in St-Norbert (near Joliette), Quebec.

March 24, 1957 -- Pierre Harvey, cross-country skier, born in Rimouski, Quebec.

March 24, 1908 -- Carl Frederick Klinck, literary historian, educator, born in Elmira, Ontario.

March 24, 1881 -- William Joseph Parnell MacMillan, physician, premier of Prince Edward Island 1933-1935, lieutenant-governor, born in Clermont, Prince Edward Island.

March 24, 1890 -- Agnes Campbell Macphail, politician, reformer, born in Proton Township, Grey County, Ontario.

March 24, 1922 -- John Cresswell Parkin, architect, born to Canadian parents in Sheffield, England.

March 24, 1962 -- Irene "Renee" Louise Rosnes, jazz pianist, born in Regina, Saskatchewan.

March 24, 1803 -- Adolphus Egerton Ryerson, Methodist minister, educator, born in Charlotteville Township, Norfolk County, Upper Canada.

March 24, 1907 -- Joseph-Mignault-Paul Sauve, premier of Quebec, born in St-Benot, Quebec.

March 24, 1935 -- Mary Violette Seeman, clinical psychiatrist, psycho-pharmacologist, born in Lodz, Poland.

March 24, 1936 -- David Takayoshi Suzuki, geneticist, broadcaster, born in Vancouver, British Columbia. (See biography above.)

The above list represents only a portion of the significant individuals whose lives affect or have affected Canada and its citizens. Although many names listed above will be unfamiliar to the reader, they all have interesting stories connected to Canada behind them. I will not come up with such an extensive list often, but may occasionally provide a few extra names or short profiles in addition to the weekly biography -- much like I did last week with "Notes from the Notable" featuring poet Karen Connelly. A list of this type can never be 100 percent complete, and will always be subject to the writer's inclinations. If, however, you feel I have missed someone, please send an e-mail to me john@factscanada.ca with the person's name, date of birth, and any other details you may have. It need not be comprehensive. Thanks.


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== GEEK REPORT ==

By Craig.

We have some cool new stuff on the site that I think your going to like. The first I'd like to bring to your attention is maps. From now on, John will provide a link to a map of the location featured in his "Place Names" article. The best thing about this is that the maps are on our own site. It's a long, ugly URL to get to the maps, so I'll just ask you to check out the link to today's resources at the bottom of the page to get to them. Although we have been planning to put maps on the site for a while, it was a suggestion from Mike in Richmond (the winner of our last contest) that got the ball rolling. Thanks Mike!

Some of you who have your own Web sites have been putting our "webfeeds" on your site. For that we thank you, and we also hope that your visitors appreciate the information and entertainment they provide -- as well as their attractive look. Since we announced them a few weeks ago, we have added a couple more. One is the "Canadian Picture of the Week" -- a weekly picture that captures something about Canada. Although we hadn't officially announced this one yet, it has been around for a few weeks and has been one of the more popular webfeeds. A new webfeed this week is the "Canadian Map of the Week". Here's your chance to really educate your visitors about Canadian geography. Each week this webfeed takes your site's visitors to a new location on the Canadian landscape, which just happens to be the location featured in the most recent Sunday Newsletter. Check out the webfeeds on the site at this link to see how they look and for simple instructions to put them on your site.


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== THIS WEEK IN HISTORY ==

It was 16 years ago this week that wheelchair athlete Rick Hansen began his "Man in Motion" tour. Rick left Vancouver, British Columbia, on March 22, 1985, to travel, in a wheelchair, around the world. Inspired by his friend Terry Fox (see FactsCanada.ca issue 2000-04Su at this link for Terry's biography), Rick's goal was to increase public support and awareness of the capabilities of the physically disabled. Wearing out 117 tires and 11 pairs of gloves, his odyssey lasted 792 days, ending in Vancouver on May 22, 1987. He traveled through 34 countries and raised over $20 000 000. Today Rick still is active in the promotion of disabled athletes from his office at the University of British Columbia. Rick can be also be spotted on occasion keeping in shape with smaller trips in and around Richmond, British Columbia, where Rick, his wife Amanda, and three daughters live. I actually once lived on the street next to him and saw him now and again. I would always give a wave and Rick always returned a bright smile.


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== PLACE NAMES ==

Mississauga and Etobicoke, Ontario.

Mississauga is actually the name of an Ojibwa band of aboriginal peoples who had migrated from the Upper Great Lakes area into the modern-day Mississauga region by the early 18th century. The band was first encountered by the French explorer Jean Nicolet in 1634. They had been living at the mouth of the Mississagi River. The history of the city's name is fairly simple. This region of land was part of the land surrendered in 1805 by the Mississauga band to William Claus, deputy superintendent of Indian Affairs. The area was previously known as Toronto Township, but its name was changed to Mississauga after the acquisition. After the signing of the treaty which released this land, the band (some 2000 strong) moved onto the reserve at Grand River at the invitation of the Six Nations confederacy. In 1967 it became the Town of Mississauga then in 1974 Mississauga became a city, annexing the towns of Port Credit and Streetsville. Proper pronunciation of the name is "MIS-suh-SAW-ga".

The name Etobicoke comes from similar origins as that of Mississauga.(Many community names in southern Ontario have similar historic origins.) Etobicoke as a town had a slightly earlier start, however, as the township plans were laid out in 1792. In this case, Etobicoke was named after Etobicoke Creek. The creek's name is a variant of the Mississauga word "wahdobekaung" (I know they don't look similar in spelling, that is why it is designated as a "variant", as opposed to a "derivation"), which means "place where the black alders grow". In 1967 the towns of Mimico and New Toronto, along with the village of Long Branch and the municipal township of Etobicoke, were amalgamated as the Borough of Etobicoke, which in turn became a city in 1983. In 1998, Etobicoke and the cities of North York, Scarborough, York and Toronto combined to become the "megacity" of Toronto. The name is pronounced "ee-TOH-beh-KOH".

Please see today's resources for a link to a map of the Mississauga and Etobicoke area.


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== DID YOU KNOW? ==

Back in 1962, Queen Elizabeth II adopted a personal flag for use in Canada. That's right, this royal privilege is made up of the arms of Canada with the Queen's own "logo" (the initial "E") in the centre. This centrepiece is surmounted by the St. Edward's Crown within a gold chaplet of roses on a blue background. When the Queen is in Canada, the flag is flown day and night at any building in which she is in attendance or resides. The flag is also flown at the saluting base when she conducts troop inspections and a smaller version is found on most vehicles in which she travels. Have a look at today's resources for an appropriate link.


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== THIS WEEK'S LIST ==

Provincial and Territorial Holidays.

In addition to national statutory holidays, here is a list of holidays celebrated within the provinces and territories.


Alberta:

Alberta Family Day -- the third Monday in February.
Alberta Heritage Day -- the first Monday in August.


British Columbia:

British Columbia Day -- the first Monday in August.


Manitoba:

Civic Holiday -- the first Monday in August.


New Brunswick:

New Brunswick Day -- the first Monday in August.


Newfoundland and Labrador:

Celebrated on the Monday prior to each of the following dates given are:

St. Patrick's Day -- March 17.
St. George's Day -- April 23.
Discovery Day -- June 24.
Orangemen's Day -- July 12.


Northwest Territories:

Civic Holiday -- the first Monday in August.


Nova Scotia:

Natal Day -- the first Monday in August, although the City of Halifax has celebrated it on different days in the past.


Nunavut:

Nunavut Day -- July 9.
Civic Holiday -- the first Monday in August.


Ontario:

Civic Holiday -- the first Monday in August.


Prince Edward Island:

Natal Day -- the first Monday in August.


Quebec:

Fete nationale or Quebec Day (formerly know as St. Jean Baptiste Day) -- June 24.


Saskatchewan:

Saskatchewan Day -- the first Monday in August.


Yukon Territory:

Heritage Day -- February 21.
Discovery Day -- the third Monday in August.


I think I am going to move Newfoundland!


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== CULTURAL CHRONICLE ==

Canadian Museums.

The Canadian Museums Association (CMA) is the national organization for the advancement of the Canadian museum community. They exist to unite, represent and serve museums and museum workers across Canada, working passionately for the advancement, growth and stability of the museum community in Canada.

They are governed by an elected board of directors and many of their activities are organized by an extensive series of committees, networks and discussion groups. They also maintain a full-service secretariat in Ottawa. The CMA was established by a small group of people in Quebec City in 1947, and now has grown to a membership of nearly 2000. An invitation to all is in place to join the Association. Donations and bequests are also appreciated, the CMA being a registered charity organization.

What I really wanted to tell you about is "Muse". "Muse" is the Canadian Museums Association's quarterly, bilingual magazine. It provides in-depth coverage of current topics for the museum community. It also contains museum profiles, exhibition and book reviews, as well as many specialized columns. Articles and illustrations in "Muse" come from the generous contributions of members of the museum community. Members of the CMA receive "Muse" for free! So, if a museum is going to be part of your vacation plans, or you simply want to enjoy your local establishment more, I encourage your further investigation of the subject by visiting the links provided in today's resources.


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== WORDS OF THE WEEK ==

By Craig.

I felt I had to expand the number of words in this week's "Words of the Week". If you have any feedback or suggestions for this section, I'm always happy to hear it. Please write to me at craig@factscanada.ca .

This week John found a good Web site with a "Truly Canadian Dictionary" on it. For some reason the guy who maintains it has French and Spanish equivalents of the words he has listed, in addition to Canadian, British and American English. I didn't go through the whole dictionary, but it looks like a pretty good resource for anybody who sometimes get confused (like me!). Also it might be a good place for certain Canadians I know who seem to prefer American spellings (not mentioning any names, Cathy). Have a look in today's resources for the link.

chaplet -- (noun) 1. a wreath worn on the head. 2. a string of beads. 3. (Roman Catholic Church) a. a string of beads, on third as long as a rosary, used for keeping count in saying prayers. b. the prayers said with such beads. 4. (Architecture) a rounded moulding looking like a string of beads.

confederacy -- (noun) 1. a union of countries or states; group of people joined together for a special purpose. 2. a league; alliance. 3. conspiracy. 4. Confederacy, Confederate States of America. (The group of eleven southern states that seceded from the United States in 1860 and 1861. Their secession lasted until the end of the Civil War in 1865.)

neutrino -- (noun) Physics. an elementary particle that has no electric charge and is believed by scientists to have no mass, and that interacts only weakly with matter. Neutrinos are produced in the process of radioactive decay.

secretariat -- (noun) 1. the office or position of secretary, especially of a secretary or secretary-general as the administrative head of an organization. 2. the administrative unit controlled by a secretary or secretary-general. 3. a group of secretaries. 4. a place where a secretary or secretary-general transacts business.

storm -- (noun) 1. a very strong wind, especially one with a velocity of about 100 to 120 km/h; windstorm. 2. a. a violent outbreak of rain with strong winds and, often, thunder and lightning. b. a sandstorm. c. any heavy and especially sudden fall of snow, sleet, hail, etc., together with a strong wind. 3. anything like a storm. 4. a violent outburst or disturbance. 5. a violent attack. -- (verb) 1. be a storm; be stormy. 2. be violent; rage. 3. speak loudly and angrily. 4. rush violently. 5. attack violently.


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== ANSWER TO THIS WEEK'S QUESTION ==

The world's largest and most sensitive neutrino observatory and the world's largest man made cavity are located at the Creighton mine site near this Canadian community. To which city do I refer?

Answer: Sudbury, Ontario, is where the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is located. The cavity housing this project is two kilometres below the earth's surface, is over ten stories high, and 20 metres in diameter. Look at today's resources for some links that detail the unique structure.


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== PREVIEW ==

Next Sunday I profile Celine Dion and Benjamin Chee Chee, give you a much shorter list of Canadians also born during the week, tell you a bit about the brother of Prime Minister Jean Chretien, tell you about Rigaud, Quebec, give you some information on Butter Pot Provincial Park in Newfoundland, and list the ten busiest Canadian ports.


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Good luck with the contest question. Talk to you next Sunday.


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== LINKS AND RESOURCES ==

FactsCanada.ca -- http://www.factscanada.ca
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