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Sunday Newsletter 2000-14Su.

October 1, 2000.

Our biography category this week features its youngest member to date. You will also learn the mottoes of each province, and I plan to bring you the other provincial symbols in future editions. I also reveal the seldom used but complete words to our national anthem.


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== QUESTION OF THE WEEK ==

Of the 1 086 343 men and women who served Canada during World War II, how many were killed, wounded, or died while in service? I'll make this one multiple choice:

A) 7211 B) 36 498 C) 96 456 or D) 139 003.

Answer, as usual, near the bottom.


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== BIOGRAPHY ==

Neve Adrianne Campbell.

Neve was born on October 3, 1973, in Guelph, Ontario. Her unique first name is her mother Marnie's maiden name and was given to her both to carry on the name, and because of its old Spanish origin for the word "snow", or pure white. The current Spanish spelling is "nieve".

Although her parents divorced when she was only two, Neve (pronounced like "Bev") had a flair for theatrics from an early age. On one of his visits when she was six-years-old, her father Gerry, a drama teacher from Glasgow, Scotland, took her to see "The Nutcracker". She then started dancing lessons and by the age of nine had a scholarship and began training with the National Ballet School of Canada. Neve also studied jazz, flamenco, modern and hip hop dance styles in addition to her classical ballet training, which led to parts in "Sleeping Beauty" and "The Nutcracker" with the National Ballet.

By the time she was fifteen the harsh competitiveness between dancers and various injuries she had incurred prompted her to quit dancing. After being discovered by a talent scout she tried modelling for a while, but found it unrewarding and shallow work. Therefore she turned to acting and secured her debut performance in front of the camera in a commercial for Eaton Centre in Toronto. This lead to her casting as the Degas Girl in "Phantom of the Opera", in which Neve appeared in over 800 productions at Toronto's Pantages Theatre.

Seeming to do everything at an early age, Neve married Jeff Colt on April 3, 1995, only to file for divorce in the summer of 1997. These years did provide some career milestones for her, however, appearing in the motion picture "The Craft" in 1996, and later in Wes Craven's movie "Scream" with Courtney Cox, Drew Barrymore and David Arquette. Two sequels later "Scream" and its prodigies have already become cult classics for movies of this genre.

Prior to her marriage, while performing for the Pantages, Neve honed her acting skills in many television shows, including YTV's "Catwalk" and the Fox series "Party of Five". She was also the voice of the adult Kiara in the "Lion King II, Simba's Pride" in 1998. Although "Drowning Mona" and "Panic", both movies released earlier this year, did not do that well at the box office, her movies always have a large following in the video and DVD after market. Two new projects of Neve's are "Christmas with J.D." and "Investigating Sex", which are in production right now.

Neve is a spokeswoman for the Tourette Syndrome Association (from which her younger brother, Damian, suffers), practices yoga and meditation to keep calm and give her energy, and is studying Buddhism. She has a Shitzu dog by the name of Buster, and still enjoys dancing, singing, swimming, horseback riding and listening to classical music.


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== CANADIAN FEDERAL AND PROVINCIAL MOTTOES ==

Canada -- A Mari Usque Ad Mare (From Sea To Sea) -- Latin.

Ontario -- Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began and loyal she remains) -- Latin.

Quebec -- Je Me Souviens (I remember) -- French.

Nova Scotia -- Munit Haec Et Altera Vincit (One defends and the other conquers) -- Latin.

New Brunswick -- Spem Reduxit (Hope restored) -- Latin.

British Columbia -- Splendor Sine Occasu (Splendor without diminishment) -- Latin.

Manitoba -- Gloriosus Et Liber (Glorious and free) -- Latin.

Prince Edward Island -- Parva Sub Ingenti (The small under the protection of the great) -- Latin.

Saskatchewan -- Multis E Gentibus Vires (From many peoples, strength) -- Latin.

Alberta -- Fortis Et Liber (Strong and free) -- Latin.

Newfoundland -- Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Seek ye first the Kingdom of God) -- Latin.

Nunavut -- Nunavut Sanginivut (Nunavut our strength) -- Inuktitut.

The Yukon and Northwest Territories do not have an official motto.


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== OUR NATIONAL ANTHEM ==

"O Canada."

The History of O Canada.

"O Canada" was originally written in French as a patriotic poem by Lower Canada's lawyer and magistrate Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier. Later it set to music by Canada East's composer and pianist Calixa Lavalle, and first sung on June 24, 1880. The English lyrics were translated by Judge R. Stanley Weir in 1908, with slight modifications made in 1980. "O Canada" was officially proclaimed as Canada's national anthem in 1980, one hundred years after it was first sung.

Here is the verse we all know:

O Canada! Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!
From far and wide, O Canada,
We stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.


And those remaining obscure verses:

O Canada! Where pines and maples grow,
Great prairies spread and lordly rivers flow,
How dear to us thy broad domain,
From East to Western Sea,
Thou land of hope, for all who toil!
Thou True North strong and free!
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee!
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee!

O Canada! Beneath thy shining skies,
May stalwart sons and gentle maidens rise,
To keep thee steadfast through the years,
From East to Western Sea,
Our own beloved native land!
Our True North strong and free!
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee!
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee!

Ruler supreme, who hearest humble prayer,
Hold our dominion within thy loving care;
Help us to find, O God, in thee
A lasting, rich reward,
As waiting for the Better Day,
We ever stand on guard.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee!
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee!


How does this poem look in French? I'll save the full version for a future issue, but here's a preview:

O Canada (version franaise)

O Canada! Terre de nos aeux.
Ton front est ceint de fleurons glorieux.
Car ton bras sait porter l'pe,
Il sait porter la croix.
Ton histoire est une pope,
Des plus brillants exploits.
Et ta valeur, de foi trempe,
Protgera nos foyers et nos droits,
Protgera nos foyers et nos droits


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== MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY ==

Tourette Syndrome.

The actual medical term for this disorder is "Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome". It is a neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces, tics, involuntary grunts, shouts, movements of the upper body, and compulsive use of obscene and offensive language. This final trait is termed "coprolalia".

Found in all countries and in all races, Tourette Syndrome is treated with agents that block neurohumors (a chemical transmitted throughout the body by a neuron which is essential for the activity of adjacent neurons, muscles or other organs). Some important neurohumors include acetylcholine, serotonin, epinephrine and dopamine. Dopamine and serotonin have been found effective in treatment of this syndrome.

More information can be found at this link.


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== THIS WEEK'S QUOTE ==

"I think teenagers in the United States grow up too fast. In Canada, kids are exposed to different things. School is very different; it's not nearly as social. Canadian teenagers see it as a much more serious place." --Neve Campbell, actress, dancer and featured above in this week's biography.


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== HUMOUR OF THE WEEK ==

From a transcript of an alleged radio conversation released by the Chief of Naval Operations on October 10, 1995, between a US Navy vessel and Canadian authorities off the coast of Newfoundland:

Americans: "Please divert your course 15 degrees to the north to avoid a collision."
Canadians: "Recommend you divert *your* course 15 degrees to the south to avoid a collision."
Americans: "This is the captain of a US Navy ship. I say again, divert *your* course."
Canadians: "No, I say again, divert *your* course."
Americans: "This is the battleship USS Missouri. We are a large warship of the US Navy. Divert your course *now*!"
Canadians: "We are a lighthouse. It's your call."


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== GEOGRAPHY AND PLACE NAMES ==

Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta.

One of Alberta's oldest outposts, Fort Saskatchewan was settled as early as the 1790s as the fur trade flowed through the region. French-Canadian settlers began farming the area in 1872 and the community really got started three years later when the North-West Mounted Police established a post here. This fort was originally known as the Sturgeon Creek Post but was later renamed Fort Saskatchewan in time for the town's incorporation in 1904. A year later the CNR (Canadian National Railway) line reached Fort Saskatchewan and the railway crossing envisioned years earlier was built. The town remained a small rural farming community until after World War II.

In 1952 Sherritt Gordon Mines Ltd. started the community's first major industry when it built a multimillion-dollar nickel refinery. Over the years the town grew as it added other manufacturing entities such as those represented by the petrochemical industries. Dow Chemical, Chevron, Prazair and Liquid Carbonic all operate there, as well as 20 other thriving service related industries. Even the blanks for the Canadian Loonie are produced here and shipped to the Royal Canadian Mint locations at Ottawa, Hull and Winnipeg.

Fort Saskatchewan is located on the North Saskatchewan River, just on the outskirts of an area north-east of Edmonton. It takes up an area of 45.1 square kilometres and had a population of 12 408 in 1996. Fort Saskatchewan was incorporated as a city in 1985.

Thanks to an original reader of this newsletter for his request on this week's geography article.


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== ANSWER TO THIS WEEK'S QUESTION ==

C) 96 456.


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Please remember to send in your ideas for articles on any Canadian topics that interest you. I also invite your pet peeves and jokes. Remember to let me know if you would like your contribution to remain anonymous, otherwise I only publish a contributor's first name and city or town. E-mail addresses are, of course, never published. For Ron's information, I am still working on his story request regarding Laura Secord. I am just having trouble verifying enough details that can actually be considered Canadian *facts* rather than *lore*. Talk to you next week.


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I should have included these results in today's newsletter, but due to a misunderstanding between Craig and I this didn't happen. Rather than wait until next Sunday, by which time this will be old news, we decided to send you a supplement to this week's Sunday Newsletter. Hopefully we beat your other news sources!


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== OLYMPIC RESULTS ==

Medal counts for the top five nations (numbers are gold, silver, bronze and the total):

USA -- 39-25-33-97
Russia -- 32-28-28-88
China -- 28-16-15-59
Australia -- 16-25-17-58
Germany -- 14-17-26-57

Canada finished tied at 17th spot with Poland for total medals. We won 3 gold, 3 silver and 8 bronze for a total of 14. Our bronze standing was good enough for 12th place overall in bronze medals won.


Here are the names of our winners and the events in which they won:

Men's 1000 metre canoe -- bronze to Steve Giles.

Women's 500 metre kayak -- silver to Caroline Brunet.

Women's platform diving -- bronze to Anne Montminy.

Women's synchronized platform diving -- silver to Anne Montminy and Emilie Heymans.

Men's half heavyweight judo -- silver to Nicolas Gill.

Women's eight oars rowing -- bronze to Heather McDermid, Heather Davis, Dorota Urbaniak, Theresa Luke, Emma Robinson, Alison Korn, Laryssa Biesenthal, Buffy Alexander and Lesley Thompson (cox).

Men's 400-meter individual medley -- bronze to Curtis Myden.

Women's team synchronized swimming -- bronze to Lyne Beaumont, Claire Carver-Dias, Erin Chan, Catherine Garceau, Fanny Letourneau, Kirstin Normand, Jacinthe Taillon and Reidun Tatham.

Women's over 67 kg taekwondo -- bronze to Dominique Bosshart.

Men's doubles tennis -- gold to Daniel Nestor and Sebastien Lareau.

Men's trampoline -- bronze Mathieu Turgeon.

Women's trampoline -- bronze to Karen Cockburn.

Men's triathlon -- gold to Simon Whitfield.

Men's freestyle wrestling 69 kg category -- gold to Daniel Igali.


Olympic Summary

At Sydney the Australian's lit up the sky to give the world an Olympic send-off, as two weeks of international sporting competition came to an end Sunday, October 1, 2000. The 2000 Summer Olympics ended with a huge party on Sydney's waterfront -- for 14 kilometres fireworks exploded along the river banks from Olympic Park and across to the Sydney Harbour Bridge. The festivities featured over 7000 performers, including Paul "Crocodile Dundee" Hogan appearing atop a giant outback hat, model Elle MacPherson who sashayed out on an oversized camera, local Country singer Slim Dusty (who led 100 000 spectators in singing "Waltzing Matilda", Australia's unofficial anthem), and Australian bands Midnight Oil and Men at Work.

Ten-thousand athletes, snapping photos and waving to the crowd, bid a spirited farewell to the 2000 Olympics, which were praised as the "best Games ever." "I am proud and happy to proclaim that you have presented to the world the best Olympic Games ever," said Juan Antonio Samaranch, the president of the International Olympic Committee, presiding over his final Olympic Games as president. The next Summer Olympics are in 2004 in Athens, Greece, and Toronto is in the hunt to host the 2008 Summer Olympics.

Canadian athletes chose Simon Whitfield, the gold medalist in the triathlon, to carry the maple leaf in the closing ceremonies.


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Although Canada's medal count was down from that of the 1996 Games in Atlanta, we can all still be proud of every single participant, regardless of whether they came in first or 101st. Even being 101st best at anything in the entire world is something to be proud of, and something in which Canada as a nation can also take pride.


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