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Sunday Newsletter 2000-05Su.
July 30, 2000.
Hello again and welcome to issue five of the FactsCanada newsletter. This week we have a bit of sex in here to liven things up! (That should make this issue an instant success.) We've also introduced a new feature immediately below; a question at the top of the newsletter which is answered (hopefully after you answer it to yourself) at the end of the newsletter. In a future newsletter we will introduce a question which will be answered the following week. Readers who e-mail the correct answer to us will be recognised and (one day, when we have a huge budget) maybe even receive prizes.
== QUESTION OF THE WEEK ==
Which Canadian prime minister held his or her office for the shortest period of time? Answer near the bottom.
== BIOGRAPHY ==
Celebrating only her 32nd birthday this week is singer and songwriter Terri Clark. She was born Terri Lynn Sauson at Montreal, Quebec, on August 4, 1968.
Terri's grandparents (Ray and Betty Gauthier) were stars of the Canadian country music circuit, and Terri's appreciation for country music was encouraged during her formative years while living in Medicine Hat, Alberta. At the age of 18 (1986), she followed her dream of becoming a "country and western" singer by moving to Nashville, Tennessee. Honing her craft while singing for tips at Tootsie's Orchid Lounge in Nashville, she toiled for seven years doing odd jobs and singing wherever she could until she managed to sign a deal with Mercury Records in 1993.
Terri's self-titled debut album went triple platinum in Canada and platinum in the United States, fuelled by the best selling single "Better Things To Do". This song and Terri's album won the 1996 Canadian Country Music Association Award, and she was named Canadian country's rising star with the Vista Award. Meanwhile south of the border in the USA. she was voted "Star of Tomorrow" on the fan-balloted "The Nashville Network / Music City News Awards, and Billboard magazine named her the top new female country artist of 1995. Terri's second album, "Just the Same", was certified Canadian double-platinum encouraged by the 1970s remake of Linda Ronstadt's number one hit "Poor, Poor Pitiful Me". Terri was also named Best New Solo Artist at the 1997 Juno Awards, and she won the Fan's Choice Award later that year at the Canadian Country Music Awards, where she also received the prize for Best Female Vocalist and had "Just the Same" chosen as the Album of the Year. In 1998 Terri hosted the Canadian Country Music Awards and released her third album, "How I Feel".
Terri's upcoming album will be entitled "Fearless" and will be available in stores September 19th, The first single from the album, "A Little Gasoline", was released July 18th.
== GARDENING ==
"Rose" is the common name for members of the genus (a category of plants or animals ranking next above the species and next below the family or subfamily) Rosa of the rose family (Rosecae). This large family, comprising more than 100 genera and 2000-3000 species, includes plants as diverse as strawberries, almonds and pears. About 14 species are native to Canada, and many introduced species have become established. The prickly rose (R. acicularis), the largest and most widespread wild rose in Canada, is found in regions from Quebec to British Columbia. This 1.5 metre high shrub forms thick bushes that spring from underground shoots. It grows mainly in open, sunny areas. Its stems have slender spines and, in June, bear usually a single, delicately scented, pale or dark pink flower. Since 1930 the prickly rose has been the provincial floral emblem of Alberta, where it grows abundantly.
Cultivated Roses -- Roses have been cultivated from very early times, but little is known of their origin. The hybrid tea rose, the most popular of garden roses, was introduced worldwide in 1867. Today roses are classified as hybrid tea (large flowered), floribunda (cluster flowered), grandiflora (large-clustered flowered), miniature, shrub, climbing and rambling types. However, these classifications are being changed because of recent introductions of different flowering types. In Canada rose breeding has concentrated primarily on developing hardy roses with better flowers for colder areas. In recent years, Agriculture Canada's research stations in Ottawa, Ontario, and Morden, Manitoba, have introduced a number of excellent garden roses, some closely resembling the popular hybrid teas and floribundas (a long-flowering variety of rose with large blooms).
Statistics are unavailable on the value of roses to the Canadian greenhouse and nursery industries. However, some 80 million roses are produced for sale as cut flowers in Canada annually. A further, undetermined number are imported from the USA and Europe.
== GEOGRAPHY AND PLACE NAMES ==
Although we can not possibly compete with the town located in Pennsylvania, USA, named Intercourse (I'm not kidding, look it up), we do have a few double-entendre towns here in Canada. The town that first comes to mind is Consort, Alberta. Located south-east of Stettler, this village (established in 1912) was named in 1911 by the Canadian Pacific Railway in honour of Queen Mary, the consort of then-recently crowned George V. Its post office was previously called Sanderville.
== AWARDS ==
The Juno Awards began as a reader poll organised by the Canadian music industry trade magazine "RPM Weekly" way back in December 1964. A similar process continued until the early 1970s when the RPM Gold Leaf Awards (note the name change) were presented during a ceremony at Toronto's St. Lawrence Hall. The following year, 1971, the award was renamed the Juno after the Roman goddess and in tribute to Pierre Juneau. He was the first chairperson of the CRT Commission and was responsible for the introduction of the 30 percent Canadian content rule governing all AM radio stations.
Later, in 1975, the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (CARAS) was formed to oversee the annual Juno awards. That same year the Juno Awards were broadcast on CBC-TV for the first time. Oscar Peterson and Guy Lombardo were the first inductees to be honoured for their achievements by a committee put together for this sole purpose.
The Juno Awards grew significantly in 1995 when it attracted more then 10 000 fans to Hamilton's Copps Coliseum. The 25th anniversary was celebrated in 1996 with the release of a four-disc box set entitled "Oh What A Feeling". This set was the first in Canadian history to be certified diamond for total sales in excess of one million copies.
We will bring to you all the Juno-Award winners once the FactsCanada Web site is established.
== THIS WEEK'S LIST ==
Here are the top 25 largest corporations ranked according to year end financial figures for 1999. This is then followed by some other familiar company names and their placement.
1. General Motors of Canada Ltd., Oshawa, Ontario
2. Nortel Networks Corp., Brampton, Ontario
3. Ford Motor Co. of Canada Ltd., Oakville, Ontario
4. DaimlerChrysler Canada Inc., Windsor, Ontario
5. George Weston Ltd., Toronto, Ontario
6. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, Toronto, Ontario
7. Royal Bank of Canada, Montreal, Quebec
8. The Seagram Co. Ltd., Montreal, Quebec
9. Bank of Montreal, Toronto, Ontario
10. The Bank of Nova Scotia, Toronto, Ontario
11. The Toronto Dominion Bank, Toronto, Ontario
12. Onex Corp., Toronto, Ontario
13. Power Corp. of Canada, Montreal, Quebec
14. BCE Inc., Montreal, Quebec
15. Magna International Inc., Aurora, Ontario
16. Bombardier Inc., Montreal, Quebec
17. TransCanada PipeLines Ltd., Calgary, Alberta
18. Canadian Pacific Ltd., Calgary, Alberta
19. Alcan Aluminum Ltd., Montreal, Quebec
20. Quebecor Inc., Montreal, Quebec
21. Imperial Oil Ltd., Toronto, Ontario
22. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd., Montreal, Quebec
23. The Thomson Corp., Toronto, Ontario
24. Hudson's Bay Co., Toronto, Ontario
25. Air Canada, Saint-Laurent, Quebec
29. Sears Canada Inc., Toronto, Ontario
30. Petro-Canada, Calgary, Alberta
31. Honda Canada Inc., Toronto, Ontario
32. BCT.Telus Communications Inc., Burnaby, British Columbia
37. Shell Canada Ltd., Calgary, Alberta
38. Canadian National Railway Co., Montreal, Quebec
39. Canada Safeway Ltd., Calgary, Alberta
41. Canadian Tire Corp. Ltd., Toronto, Ontario
42. Jim Pattison Group, Vancouver, British Columbia
44. Shoppers Drug Mart Inc., Toronto, Ontario
52. Maple Leaf Foods Inc., Toronto, Ontario
57. Canadian Airlines Corp., Calgary, Alberta
62. Rogers Communications Inc., Toronto, Ontario
63. Toyota Canada Inc., Toronto, Ontario
65. Costco Canada Inc., Laval, Quebec
70. General Electric Canada Inc., Mississauga, Ontario
75. Chevron Canada Resources, Calgary, Alberta
86. DuPont Canada Inc., Mississauga, Ontario
92. Kraft Canada Inc., Toronto, Ontario -- MY PERSONAL FAVOURITE!
94. McDonald's Restaurants of Canada Ltd., Toronto, Ontario
98. Future Shop Ltd., Burnaby, British Columbia
102. Hewlett-Packard (Canada) Ltd., Mississauga, Ontario
121. Molson Inc., Montreal, Quebec
139. Volkswagon Canada Inc., Ajax, Ontario
159. Nissan Canada Inc., Mississauga, Ontario
178. Chevron Canada Ltd., Vancouver, British Columbia
185. Motorola Canada Ltd., Toronto, Ontario
== THIS WEEK'S ATTEMPT AT HUMOUR ==
Cold is relative -- The Temperature Conversion Guide for Canadians (in metric, of course):
20 above zero -- New Yorkers turn on the heat. Canadians plant gardens.
15 above -- Californians shiver uncontrollably. Canadians sunbathe.
10 above -- American cars stall. Canadians drive with the windows down.
Zero -- Distilled water freezes. Canadian water gets thicker.
5 below zero -- Floridians wear coats, gloves and wool hats. Canadians throw on a T-shirt.
10 below -- Washingtonians begin to evacuate the state. Canadians go swimming.
15 below -- New York landlords finally turn up the heat. Canadians have the last cook-out before it gets cold.
18 below -- People in San Francisco cease to exist. Canadians lick flag poles.
20 below -- All Americans staying in Canada fly away to Mexico. Canadians throw on a light jacket.
22 below -- Hollywood disintegrates. Canadians rent videos.
25 below -- Mt. St. Helens freezes. Canadian Girl Guides begin selling cookies door to door.
30 below -- Polar bears begin to evacuate the Arctic. Canadian Boy Scouts postpone winter survival classes until it gets cold enough.
33 below -- Minnesotans start massive migration south. Canadians pull down their ear flaps.
35 below -- Ethyl alcohol becomes mushy. Canadians get frustrated when they can't thaw their kegs.
40 below -- Microbial life survives on dairy products. Canadian cows complain of farmers with cold hands.
45 below -- Santa Claus abandons the North Pole. Canadians start saying, "Cold 'nuff for ya?"
50 below -- Hell freezes over. The Maple Leafs win the Stanley Cup.
== THIS WEEK'S RECIPE FOR RELAXING ==
Do you know what you get if you take 1 ounce of Canadian Whisky, add a 1/4 ounce triple sec, add a dash of bitters along with 1 teaspoon of sugar and shake ingredients together with ice, then strain into a chilled cocktail glass? What you get is a "Canadian Cocktail", and I bet it's perfect for sitting around and sipping during those warm summer evenings.
== QUOTE OF THE WEEK ==
"We shall call this mountain le 'Mont Royal'." --Jacques Cartier, French navigator, exploring the site of present-day Montreal in 1535.
== ANSWER TO THIS WEEK'S QUESTION ==
For those of you who have been enjoying this newsletter since its inception, the answer to this week's question may be easier for you than others, as I had listed the Prime Ministers and their year or years in office a few weeks ago. Well, there have been a few with less then one year in office but the correct answer would be Sir Charles Tupper, who governed the country for just 69 days back in 1896. Other notable short terms of less than a year were; John Turner at 80 days, Arthur Meighen, whose second stint as Prime Minister lasted 89 days, Kim Campbell who lasted 135 days, and Joe Clark at 273 days.
That's it for another week. Thanks for all your feedback, both via e-mail and in person. One of you even asked if I could do this every day! Maybe one day, but not right now. The Web site is still under development; we had some technical difficulties this week which delayed the installation of the mailing list software, but we'll have that done soon. Please keep sending me your feedback, suggestions and subscription requests to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org. See you next week!
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